About Tenancy Agreements
Standard Clauses in Assured Shorthold Tenancy Agreements
Below is an illustration of how standard AST Agreements tend to be laid
out, and some of the clauses they most commonly contain.
Standard AST Agreements can be obtained from landlords' associations,
letting agents and reputable stationers.
Landlords wishing to add any extra clauses can do so by means of an
It is advisable to have this done by a solicitor, to ensure that it is
done correctly and will be legally enforceable if required.
The Tenancy Agreement
This section, typically the first page of the AST Agreement, defines the
terms of the agreement, for example:
THIS AGREEMENT is made on the date specified
between the Landlord and the Tenant. It is intended that the
tenancy created by this Agreement is and shall be an assured
shorthold tenancy within the meaning of the Housing Act 1988
as amended by the Housing Act 1996.
LANDLORD'S AGENT (if applicable):
The Landlord's fixtures, fittings and furniture listed in
For the term of _________ months
Starting from: __________________
£________ (_____________________ pounds) per calendar
month, in advance.
A deposit of £________ (_____________________ pounds)
to be paid to the Landlord on the signing of this Agreement.
Clauses describing the landlord's obligations
Part 1 of a standard AST agreement typically consists of clauses
describing the obligations of the landlord, such as:
1. The Landlord agrees:
1.1 To let the Property and its
Contents to the Tenant for the Term at the Rent payable
above. As long as the Tenant complies with
the Tenant's obligations (see below), the
landlord agrees not to interfere with the
Tenant's use and enjoyment of the Property.
1.2 To pay the balance of the Deposit
to the Tenant as soon as possible after the conclusion
of the tenancy, minus any reasonable costs
incurred for the breach of any obligation.
Where applicable, the Landlord may retain
the Deposit until the Local Authority
confirms that no Housing Benefit paid to
the Landlord ins repayable.
1.3 To keep the structure and exterior
of the Property in good repair.
1.4 To keep the installations of the
Property in good repair and proper working order for
water, gas, electricity, sanitation and
1.5 To ensure that the Property has an
up-to-date gas safety certificate under the Gas Safety
(Installations and Use) Regulations Act 1998. All
gas appliances, flues and other fittings
to be checked annually to ensure they are
safe and working properly.
1.6 To comply with the obligations
under the Fire and Safety Regulations 1988. All of the
Landlord's furniture and furnishings,
including sofas, bed, cushions and pillows, must
meet these fire safety standards.
There may also be clauses requiring the landlord to insure the property,
or clarifying which issues are not the landlord's responsibility, e.g.
rebuilding the property in the case of destruction by flood or fire.
Clauses describing the tenant's obligations
Part 2 of a standard AST agreement typically consists of clauses
describing the obligations of the tenant, for example:
2. The Tenant agrees:
2.1 To pay the Rent on the days and in
the manner stated in the Agreement without any
2.2 To pay the Deposit as security for
the performance of the Tenant's obligations and to
pay and compensate the Landlord for the
reasonable costs of breach of these
2.3 That if the Landlord has recourse
to the Deposit during the Tenancy, the Landlord may
immediately demand from the Tenant whatever
amount is required to restore the amount
of the Deposit to the original sum.
2.4 To arrange immediately with the
relevant supply company for all accounts for water, gas,
electricity, telephone, and television
licence (where applicable) at the Property to be
addressed to the Tenant in their own name
and to pay all charges for these.
2.5 Not to damage the Property and
Contents or make any alterations or additions.
2.6 To keep the interior of the
Property in a good, clean and tenantable state and not
damage or injure the Property.
2. 7 To maintain at the Property and
keep in a good and clean condition all of the items
listed in the Inventory.
2.8 Not to keep any animals, birds, or
other living creature at the Property without the
Landlord's prior written consent.
2.9 To pay for any cleaning that may
be required to reinstate the Property to the same order
that it was provided at the beginning of
the Tenancy, including the washing or cleaning of
all carpets and curtains which have been
soiled during the Tenancy.
2.10 Not to be a nuisance to the
neighbours. The Tenant will not make any noise that is
audible outside the Property
from 11pm to 8am daily.
There are typically many more clauses describing the tenant's
obligations, which may include an obligation not to smoke in the
property, or to limit smoking to designated areas. For a fuller
statement of the standard AST clauses, landlords can obtain a standard
agreement from their letting agency, landlords' association, solicitor,
or any reputable stationer.
Clauses describing the
end of the tenancy
After describing the obligations of the landlord and the tenant, there
usually follow some clauses outlining the ways in which the tenancy
agreement may be ended. For example:
3. The Landlord can terminate the Tenancy on
the last day of the Term, or after the Term, by
service of the Landlord's notice of intention to seek
4. Before the Landlord can end this tenancy,
he shall serve any notice(s) in accordance with
the provisions of the Housing Acts. Such notice(s) shall be
sufficiently served if served in
accordance with section 196 of the Law of Property Act 1925.
Under this, a notice shall
be sufficiently served if sent by registered or recorded
delivery post (if the letter is not
returned undelivered) to the Tenant at the Property or the
last known address of the
Tenant or left addressed to the Tenant at the Property.
5. The Tenant can terminate the Tenancy by
vacating the Property on the last day of the
Term, or after that by giving the Landlord one month's notice
Notices relating to non-payment of rent
Standard AST agreements include a clause in which the landlord gives
notice of actions that may be taken in the event of a non-payment of rent.
6. If the Tenant does not pay the rent due
to the Landlord under this agreement within 14
days of the due date, the Tenant will be issued with a
reminder from the Landlord, in
writing, for which there is a charge of £20. Interest will
also be charged at the rate of 5%
per annum, calculated on a daily basis from the due date
until the rent is paid.
If the rental property was previously the landlord's home, a notice like
this may be included:
7. Notice is hereby given that possession
might be recovered under Ground 1, Section 2 of
the Housing Act 1988 if applicable. That is, that the
Landlord used to live in the Property
as his or her main home; or intends to occupy the Property as
his or her only or main
Standard ASTs may include a clause in which Tenants authorise certain
organisations to disclose information to the Landlord in specified
8. The Tenant irrevocably authorises the
Local Authority, Benefits Agency, Post Office and
the relevant utility companies (including electricity, gas,
water and telephone) to discuss
and disclose to the Landlord or Agent all financial and other
information relating to the
Property or any housing benefit claim. This authority shall
extend to disclosure of the
Tenant's whereabouts if the Tenant has left the Property with
rent or other money owing.
After all the clauses of the agreement (but before any addenda) there
would usually be a final clause like this:
9. This Agreement, which includes all the
attachments referred to below, constitutes the entire
agreement between Landlord and Tenant and cannot be modified
except in writing and signed
by all parties.
A tenancy agreement may include an addendum or several addenda, which
form part of the agreement. If so, a clause should be included in the
main agreement that lists the addenda and provides a space where the
tenant can initial to confirm that they have read and agree to the
contents of the addenda. For example:
9. By initialling as provided, the
Tenant acknowledges receipt of the following addenda, as
indicated, copies of which are attached hereto and are
incorporated as part of this
_______ A, Inventory
_______ B, Policies and
_______ C, Animal
_______ D, Other